Great Landscape Lenses for a Crop Camera:
- 11-16 Tokina
Great Landscape Lenses for a Full Frame Camera:
- Canon EF 17-40mm f/4.0 L IS USM Lens
- Canon EF 24-105mm f/4.0 L IS USM Lens
- Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8 L II USM Lens
- Canon TS-E 24mm f/3.5 L II Tilt-Shift
- Canon EF 70-200mm f/4 L IS USM Lens
Tips for better photos when shooting landscapes:
- The biggest factor on how your photograph is going to turn out is the quality of light. The best light will almost always be at either sunrise or sunset but that doesn’t mean your composition has to include the sun itself. If I’m at a location that I find interesting but the light isn’t very good, I will make a note to come back another time when it is better.
- Bad weather makes for great pictures. Storms, interesting clouds, rain, snow, anything else that is out of the ordinary can make a scene that would normally be uninteresting, suddenly the opposite.
- Shoot at the lowest ISO possible to avoid noise in photos and to give you more leeway in editing later on.
- When choosing your aperture, try to use something in the f/9 to f/11 range. This will give you a good amount of depth of field, while at the same time minimizing the negative impacts of diffraction. Diffraction happens when using very small apertures and will appear as an overall softening of the entire image. If you absolutely need as much depth of field as possible, then you can try using something in the range of f/16 to f/22. You will have to live with the loss of sharpness at these small apertures if your shooting a scene where you want something very close to the camera in focus and something far away in focus.
- Keeping the above points in mind you will likely need to use a slowish shutter speed to get the correct exposure. With a slow shutter speed you will want to use a tripod to ensure a sharp picture. Spending a decent amount on your tripod will be worth it as the cheap ones will be rickety and break sooner than later. I went through three cheap tripods before finally buying something that was better quality. I have had zero complaints since.
- When composing your scene try keep the rule of thirds in mind and avoid having the horizon cut through middle of the photograph. There are exceptions to this but if you follow this rule you will generally end up with a better result.
- Look for leading lines. These are things that will draw the viewer into the photo. Something like a log or a stream that starts at the edge of the frame and leads to a point of interest.
- Balance. Try to ensure that elements in your composition seem balanced.
- Post Process! Chip Phillps has some great tutorials that focus on post processing landscapes in particular.